Examples of chimpanzee vocalisations produced in 10 behavioural contexts:

Eating high value food:

Eating low value food:

Copulating (having sex):

Being separated from mother:

Discovering a large food source:

Being refused access to food:

Being tickled:

Being attacked by another chimpanzee:

Threatening another chimp or preditor:

Discovering something scary:

Spectrograms of examples of vocalisations from 10 contexts per arousal level and valence: