Example vocalisations (nonverbal and speech prosody) of 22 positive emotions produced by Chinese speakers:

Nonverbal vocalisation of admiration:

Speech prosody of admiration:


Nonverbal vocalisation of amae:

Speech prosody of amae:


Nonverbal vocalisation of amusement:

Speech prosody of amusement:


Nonverbal vocalisation of awe:

Speech prosody of awe:


Nonverbal vocalisation of determination:

Speech prosody of determination:


Nonverbal vocalisation of elation:

Speech prosody of elation:


Nonverbal vocalisation of elevation:

Speech prosody of elevation:


Nonverbal vocalisation of excitement:

Speech prosody of excitement:


Nonverbal vocalisation of gratitude:

Speech prosody of gratitude:


Nonverbal vocalisation of hope:

Speech prosody of hope:


Nonverbal vocalisation of inspiration:

Speech prosody of inspiration:


Nonverbal vocalisation of interest:

Speech prosody of interest:


Nonverbal vocalisation of lust:

Speech prosody of lust:


Nonverbal vocalisation of moved:

Speech prosody of moved:


Nonverbal vocalisation of pride:

Speech prosody of pride:


Nonverbal vocalisation of positive surprise:

Speech prosody of positive suprise:


Nonverbal vocalisation of relief:

Speech prosody of relief:


Nonverbal vocalisation of being respected:

Speech prosody of being respected:


Nonverbal vocalisation of schadenfreude:

Speech prosody of schadenfreude:


Nonverbal vocalisation of sensory pleasure:

Speech prosody of sensory pleasure:


Nonverbal vocalisation of tenderness:

Speech prosody of tenderness:


Nonverbal vocalisation of triumph:

Speech prosody of triumph: